pauper


pauper
pauper, eris (zsgz. aus pauci - parus [pario], der sich wenig erwerbende), arm, unbemittelt, von dem, der kein bedeutendes Vermögen, aber sein mäßiges Auskommen hat (Ggstz. dives u. locuples), a) von Menschen, vir, homo, Cic.: homo pauperum pauperrimus, Plaut.: ex ditissimis (steinreichen) hominibus pauperrimos (blutarme) facere, Capit.: sisne ex pauperrimo dives factus, Cic.: facere alqm pauperem, zum armen Mann machen, Sen.: als Fem. haec filia eius) pauper placet, Plaut.: quae in patria honeste pauper vivit, Ter. – mit Genet., pauper argenti, Hor.: pauper aquae, Hor.: frugum pauperes Ituraei (Ggstz. odorum divites Arabes), Apul. flor. 6. p. 5, 16 Kr. – subst., pauper, der Arme, bes. Plur. pauperes, die Armen, pauper ubique iacet, Ov.: pauperes locupletesque, Sen.: pauperum tabernae, Hor. – maior pauperiorum turba, Hor. – b) übtr., v. Lebl., beschränkt, ärmlich, mäßig, res, Plaut.: domus, Verg.: ager (Ggstz. ager felix), Tibull.: et carmen fluit pauperiore venā, Ov.: ieiuna et pauper eloquentia, Quint.: pauperibus sacris, Prop.: pauperibus tectis, Stat. – m. Abl., caput carnibus pauperum, Cael. Aur. de morb. chron. 1, 1, 33: ars nec exemplis pauperior nec oratione defectior, Apul. de deo Socr. p. 4, 13 G. (p. 111 H.). – Heteroklit. fem. paupera, Plaut. fr. bei Serv. Verg. Aen. 12, 519 (nach Varro LL. 8, 77 ungebräuchlich):
————
vidua paupera, Itala Luc. 21, 3 u. 1. Cor. 15, 10: Dat. masc. paupero, Augustin. serm. 3, 2. Mai. Itala (Wirceb.) prov. 13, 17: neutr. pauperum, Cael. Aur. de morb. chron. 1, 1, 33: Genet. Plur. pauperorum, Petron. 46, 1. de Rossi Inscr. christ. Vol. I. no. 62.

Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch von Karl Ernst Georges. 2002.

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